Kit Perriman


February 25, 2021

Cowboy Spurs

Cowboy Spurs

  • Spurs are a pair of metal tools worn on the heels of cowboy riding boots.
  • They are designed to direct an animal’s movements – usually forward or sideways – and can encourage a quick response to commands.

  • Spurs are generally held in place by a strap that goes over the arch of the foot, under the sole, and in front of the heel.
  • This strap is called a yoke, branch, or heel bend.
  • The shrank or neck extends from the strap.  This is the part that touches the animal.
  • Some spurs also have a rowel – a revolving wheel or disc attached to the shrank.
  • Jingle Bobs can be added to create a jingling sound whenever the boot moves.
  • Modern spurs are designed, operated, and controlled to transmit subtle signals to the horse, and aim to avoid unnecessary animal abuse.

(Photo: Public Domain)

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February 24, 2021

Corn Pudding

Corn Pudding


2 cups fresh corn kernels

2 cups milk

3 eggs, lightly beaten

4 tablespoons plain flour

1 teaspoon salt

1 teaspoon ground black pepper

1/2 teaspoon nutmeg

1 tablespoon sugar

2oz salted butter, melted

1 knob butter for greasing dish



  1. Heat the oven to 325 / 165 / Gas 3.
  2. Grease a large casserole dish with the knob of butter.
  3. Sift the flour, salt, pepper, nutmeg, and sugar into a large mixing bowl.  Make a well in the middle.
  4. Add the beaten eggs, melted butter, and milk.  Mix to a smooth consistency.
  5. Stir in the corn kernels.
  6. Pour the mixture into the greased casserole dish.
  7. Place this dish in a tray of water that reaches approximately half way up the sides of the casserole container.
  8. Bake in the middle of the oven for 1 hour, or until the pudding is firm to the touch.

(Photo: Public Domain)

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February 23, 2021

Indian Wars: Washita River (1868)

Battle of Washita River

Date:             November 27, 1868

Opponents:  Lieutenant Colonel George Armstrong Custer and the 7th U.S. Cavalry.


                        Black Kettle’s Southern Cheyenne, led by Little Rock.

Place:             Washita River in Indian Territory (near Cheyenne, Oklahoma).


* After signing the Medicine Lodge Treaty, the Southern Cheyenne (and Arapaho) were sent to a sparse reservation in Indian Territory.  Food was in short supply.

* In August 1868, the warriors began raiding white settlements, killing at least 15 people.

 * Peace talks between the U.S. Army and tribal leaders at Fort Cobb broke down.

 * Major Joel Elliott of the 7th Cavalry had tracked raiding Dog Soldiers back to their camp on the Washita River.  He returned to inform Custer, but the soldiers had also been spotted by the warriors.  Because snow had fallen over a foot deep, Black Kettle decided to wait before sending out runners to talk with the soldiers.  Meanwhile, Custer decided to attack the sleeping village at dawn.

* The Cheyenne had been camped on reservation land where they had been assured of safety.

* A white flag was flown in the village to indicate that this was a peaceful community.

* Custer lost 21 men, including Major Elliott who had ridden off without permission into an ambush.

 * The Cheyenne casualties numbered 50 warriors, including their revered leader, Black Kettle.

 * Custer withdrew without knowing the fate of Elliott’s band, which ruined his reputation among the ranks and caused a rift within the regiment.

 * The 7th Cavalry used 53 women and children as human shields to protect their return to Camp Supply.

* This success cemented Custer’s reputation as a military leader and helped make him a popular figure in the newspapers.



This Day In History, “Custer Massacres Cheyenne on Washita River” at

Wikipedia, “Battle of Washita River” at

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February 22, 2021

Marty Robbins’ BILLY THE KID

Billy The Kid

(Marty Robbins)

I’ll sing you a true song of Billy the Kid,
I’ll sing of some desperate deeds that he did,
Way out in New Mexico long, long ago
When a man’s only chance was his own forty-four.
When Billy the Kid was a very young lad,
In old Silver City he went to the bad,
Way out in the West with a gun in his hand
At the age of twelve years he did kill his first man.

There’s Mexican maidens play guitars and sing
Songs about Billy, their boy bandit king.
‘Ere his young manhood has reached his sad end
With a notch an his pistol for twenty one men.
Was on a sad night when poor Billy died,
He said to his friend, “I’m not satisfied.
There’s twenty one men I have put bullets through,
Sheriff Pat Garrett must make twenty two!”

I’ll sing you how Billy the Kid met his fate,
The bright moon was shining, the hour was late,
Shot down by Pat Garrett, who once was his friend
The young outlaw’s life is now come to an end.
There’s many a man with a face fine and fair
Who start out in life with a chance to be square.
Just like poor Billy they wander astray –
They’ll lose their lives in the very same way!


(Video: YouTube)

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February 19, 2021

Robert Service’s I BELIEVE

I Believe

(Robert Service)

(Video: YouTube)

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February 18, 2021

Cheyenne Guessing Game

A Cheyenne Guessing Game: Hand or Stick

A popular traditional Cheyenne guessing game is known as the Hand or Stick Game.

There are 2 teams.  Each team has 10 sticks and 1 colored stone.

The first person from Team A hides their stone in either the left or right hand.

 Team B has to guess which hand it is in.  If they are correct they claim 1 stick from their opponents.  If they are incorrect they must give up 1 of their own sticks.

The first team with all 20 sticks wins the game!

(Photo: Public Domain)

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February 17, 2021

Crow Religion

Shes-his (Reno Crow)

“You will have to dig down through the surface before you can find nature’s earth, as the upper portion is Crow.

The land, as it is, is my blood and my dead; it is consecrated . . . .”

(Photo: Public Domain)

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February 16, 2021

Ghost Dancers

The Sioux Ghost Dance


(Video: Public Domain)

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February 15, 2021

Kit’s Crit: Fallen Women (Sandra Dallas)

Fallen Women (Sandra Dallas)


At the start of 1885, a wealthy New York socialite – Beret Osmundsen – discovers that her estranged sister Lillie was recently murdered in a Denver brothel.  Beret immediately makes her way to her aunt’s house in the Mile-High City, and joins forces with the local detective to solve the case.  Then two other prostitutes are brutally killed and it seems like a serial killer may be stalking the tenderloin district.  But in an unexpected turn of events, things move much closer to home than Beret could ever have anticipated.

Sandra Dallas uncovers the seedy side of Denver, on both sides of the tracks.  Nothing – and no one – is as they first seem.  This mystery thriller keeps the reader guessing what terrible secrets will be uncovered next.  My only reservation is that the beautiful pacing throughout the majority of the novel loses traction at the end and rushes to a quick conclusion.  Nevertheless, Fallen Women is still an enjoyable read that raises fascinating ethical questions regarding family ties, loyalties, perceptions, and obligations.

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February 12, 2021

Cowboy Valentine

Happy Valentine’s Day!

(Check out more cute  cards at The Vintage Valentine Museum –

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