Kit Perriman


October 18, 2019

The Kicker

Get a big kick out of the weekend –

October 17, 2019

25 Facts: The Cherokee

The Cherokee

  1. After originating in the Great Lakes areas, it is thought that the Cherokee migrated south into Georgia, Tennessee, and the Carolinas.
  2. Their dialect is part of the Iroquoian language.
  3. The Cherokee call themselves Ani-Yu’wiya (The Principal People), though their name may come from either the word Chalakee (People Who Live In The Mountains) or Chilukikbi ((People Who Live In Cave Country).
  4. Tsalagi refers to the Cherokee language.
  5. There are seven clans: Long Hair, Paint, Bird, Wolf, Deer, Wild Potato, and Blue.  Children become members of their mother’s clan.
  6. Their most important animal has always been the deer and they traditionally worshipped the Deer God.
  7. The Cherokee believe everything in nature has a spirit that should be respected and honored.
  8. Their men are often tattooed.
  9. The villagers enjoy wearing jewelry, originally made from silver, shells, and painted clay beads.
  10. Traditionally, the Cherokee had two homes – one used in summer and the other in winter.
  11. Round winter huts were made of wood covered with mud.  They had a bark roof and a fire pit in the middle.
  12. Rectangular summer homes were light and airy, made from long sticks covered with bark.  These had grass roofs.
  13. The Cherokee were farmers (corn, squash, beans, tobacco, sunflowers, and melons), hunters (fish, game, and turtles), and gatherers (fruits, nuts, and berries).
  14. Although polygamy was a common tribal practice, women controlled much of the day-to-day life, were active in decision-making, and could divorce freely at will.
  15. Cherokee warriors included War Women, who later became known as Beloved Women.
  16. Medicine Men were skilled herbalists who effectively used natural remedies to heal their people.
  17. In the Eighteenth Century this tribe allied themselves with the British Colonists and supplied them with deerskins.
  18. When gold was discovered in Georgia, Congress passed the 1830 Indian Removal Act to forcibly relocate the Cherokee to Indian Territory (Oklahoma), thereby triggering the infamous Trail of Tears.
  19. The Eastern Band refused to move and hid in the mountains of North Carolina, where they were eventually permitted to stay.
  20. Between 1838-1839 about half the native population died from smallpox.
  21. Around the time of the American Civil War many African-Americans were adopted into the tribe.
  22. They were the first Native Americans to use a written language that was developed by a Cherokee intellectual called Sequoyah.
  23. He isolated 86 symbols and assigned an easily memorized character to each, allowing whole villages to become literate.
  24. The Cherokee also produced the first native newspaper.
  25. Today, more than 300,000 people belong to federally recognized tribes, and over 800,000 self-identify with the Cherokee nation.


Debo, Angie.  A History of the Indians of the United States. London: Folio, 2003.

Museum of the Cherokee Indian at

Wikipedia, “Cherokee,” at


October 16, 2019


Frybread is a Native American fried flatbread that can be served sweet (with honey, jelly, sugar) or savory (with minced beef and taco toppings).  



4 cups plain flour 

2 tablespoons baking powder

1 teaspoon salt

1/2 cup shortening or vegetable oil

1 cup warm water

oil for frying



  1. In a large bowl mix the salt and baking powder into the flour.
  2. Rub in the shortening (or stir in the oil).
  3. Add the water and stir until the dough sticks together.
  4. Kneed the dough until it is smooth.
  5. Divide into fist-size balls.  Place on a lightly floured board or tray.
  6. Cover.  Leave to rise for at least ten minutes.
  7. Flatten into pancake circles.
  8. Fry in the hot oil until evenly brown on both sides.
  9. Drain on kitchen paper.
  10. Add toppings.

Each village has its own version of this basic recipe. 


October 15, 2019

Fiona Apple’s CONTAINER


(Fiona Apple)

jon-flobrant (Photo: Jon Flobrant)

I was screaming into the canyon
At the moment of my death.
The echo I created
Outlasted my last breath.

My voice it made an avalanche
And buried a man I never knew.
And when he died his widowed bride
Met your daddy and they made you.

I have only one thing to do and that’s
To be the wave that I am and then
Sink back into the ocean.

Sink back into the o-
Sink back into the ocean.
Sink back into the o-
Sink back into the ocean.


This haunting melody is the theme song to the TV show “The Affair.”  Check it out here:

October 14, 2019

When Is A Wigwam NOT A Wigwam? When It’s A Tipi!

Q: What is the difference between a wigwam and a tipi,tepee,or teepee?

A: A wigwam is a static, dome-shaped hut, covered in bark or animal skins stretched over a framework of poles.  It was traditionally common in the Great Lakes region:


A tipi, however, was the portable cone-shaped tent used by the Sioux and other Plains Indians.  It is also made from animal hide stretched over long poles, though it also has a smoke flap at the top:


October 11, 2019

#1 Best Westerns: Dances With Wolves




Kevin Costner, Mary McDonnell, Rodney A. Grant, Graham Greene, and Floyd Red Crow Westerman


Kevin Costner


Highest grossing western of all time. 7 Academy Awards including Best Picture


Lieutenant John Dunbar is a Civil War soldier sent to man a solo frontier fort in Lakota Sioux territory.  He befriends the local Native Americans and is given the name Dances With Wolves because of his relationship with a wolf called Two Socks. By the end of the film, the army considers him a deserter and arrives to hang him.


This is one of the most interesting and unusual Western tales because the Sioux are heroes and the bluecoats are the enemy.  The scenery is amazing – shot on location in the Dakotas- and the acting is superb.

Have you seen this movie?  Would it be YOUR top choice?

October 10, 2019

#2 Best Westerns: 3-10 To Yuma



Russell Crowe, Christian Bale, Peter Fonda, Ben Foster, Gretchen Mol, Logan Lerman, Alan Tudyk


James Mangold


#1 in the U.S. and Canadian Box Office on its opening weekend


Dan Evans, and his 12-year-old son Will, witness a stagecoach robbery led by a ruthless but charismatic character called Ben Wade.  The bandits decide to separate after the heist and instead of heading across the Mexican border, Wade gets captured in a local saloon.  Dan Evans accepts the promise of a $200 reward to escort the outlaw to catch the train that will take him to justice in Yuma.  Things do not go smoothly.


The depth of the two central characters adds realism and interest to this action-packed movie.  There are plenty of twists and turns – people and things are never what they appear to be – and the enigmatic ending is quite haunting.

Have you seen this movie?  Would it be YOUR choice?

October 09, 2019

#3 Best Westerns: Soldier Blue




Candice Bergen, Peter Strauss, Donald Pleasence


Ralph Nelson


Theme song by Buffy Sainte-Marie was a top ten hit throughout Europe


Set in 1864 – the brutal Wild West of Colorado Territory – a woman and man find their fortunes entwined after an Indian attack leaves them the only white survivors.  They reach safety in time to witness the infamous Sand Creek Massacre, where a peaceful Cheyenne village is tortured and killed by the U.S. Army.


This graphic movie has been called “the most savage film in history” and it did not appeal to the Vietnam-era audience in America, because the military were portrayed as often being more violent than the “savages” they were fighting.  The acting is often over-the-top and the massacre scenes are hard to watch.  That said, however, I rate this my all-time #3 choice because it was the first film that portrayed the other side of the story, challenging the “good cowboys / bad Indians” concepts that I grew up with.  Soldier Blue awakened my consciousness to the Native American plight and dared to go where no other movie had ventured before.  The Sand Creek Massacre was one of the darkest points in the Indian Wars where terrible atrocities were carried out on innocent Cheyenne women and children. It was a story that needed to be told.  This is one of the few movies that actually changed my way of thinking and helped me to understand that there are two sides to every tale.

Have you seen this movie?  Would it be YOUR top choice?

October 08, 2019

#4 Best Westerns: Pale Rider




Clint Eastwood, Carrie Snodgress, Michael Moriarty, Sydney Penny


Clint Eastwood


Highest grossing western of the 1980s


Based on the Biblical prediction of the Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse, the Pale Rider represents Death.  In this movie Death is personified as a mysterious stranger – The Preacher – who arrives in answer to a prayer to help protect a group of gold-mining families from the local bullies who are trying to run them off their claims.


I have always been a big Clint Eastwood fan and in my opinion, this is one of his best performances.  Eastwood shines as the quintessential Western hero – strong, silent, loyal, and brave, but with a little edgy darkness surrounding him.

Have you seen this movie?  Would it be YOUR top choice?

October 07, 2019

#5 Best Westerns: Bury My Heart At Wounded Knee




Adam Beach, August Schellenberg, Aidan Quinn, Anna Paquin, Eric Schweig


Yves Simoneau


Primetime Emmy Award


This is a thoughtful portrayal of the complex events leading up to the Wounded Knee Massacre of 1890.  All sides of the conflict are explored in a sympathetic and realistic manner.


I like this movie because it maintains the dignity of the Native Americans, without being sentimental.  The solid acting and well-written dialogue save the story from becoming a melodrama.  Instead, the sad events of history unfold in multiple ways to explain the inevitable demise of the Great Sioux Nation.

Have you seen this movie?  Would it be YOUR top choice?

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